Documents leaked by Edward Snowden show NSA informed US negotiators of rival countries’ strategies and positions before 2009 climate summit.
The US National Security Agency (NSA) gathered intelligence from key countries concerning the UN Climate Summit in Copenhagen in 2009, new documents leaked by whistleblower Edward Snowden reveal.
The NSA documents show that the US monitored communications between countries before the summit, and planned to spy on the negotiations during the conference, where world leaders such as Barack Obama, Angela Merkel and Gordon Brown failed to reach an agreement on plans to tackle climate change.
The document, was originally posted on an internal NSA website on 7 December 2009, the opening day of the summit. Some of the paragraphs of the document are classified as ‘TS’ (top secret), the highest level of classification in the United States. Some of the top secret sections are marked ‘SI’ (special intelligence), which means data yielded by monitoring of electronic communications.
‘Surprisingly well informed’ US negotiators
Experts believes the intelligence gathered may have given the US negotiators advance information about other countries’ positions and therefore an advantage which could have contributed to the US getting their way in negotiations, Information says.
Sources from the Danish COP15 delegation said that during the negotiations, the Americans were often surprisingly well informed about confidential discussions. “I was often completely taken aback by what they knew”, an official from the Danish COP15 office told Information.
“Would you play poker with someone who can see your cards? Spying on one another like this is absolutely not on”, Martin Khor, director of the South Centre thinktank and adviser to developing countries at the summit, told the Guardian. “When someone has an upper hand it’s very disconcerting. There should be an assurance in negotiations like this that powerful players are not going to gain undue advantage with technological surveillance.
NSA’s report provided details in countries’ preparations for summit
A section marked ‘top secret’ says the NSA and their Second Party members (UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand), will “continue to provide policymakers with unique, timely, and valuable insights into key countries’ preparations and goals for the conference as well as deliberations within countries on climate change policies and negotiating strategies.”
It also suggests that a report, already gathered before the summit, “detailed China’s efforts to coordinate its position with India and ensure that the two leaders of the developing world are working towards the same outcome.”
The document says given such large participation (with all 192 UN member states invited), “leaders and negotiating teams from around the world will undoubtedly be engaging in intense last-minute policy formulating; at the same time, they will be holding frequent sidebar discussions with their counterparts — details of which are of great interest to our policymakers”.
“While the outcome of the Copenhagen Climate Change Conference remains uncertain, signals intelligence will undoubtedly play a significant role in keeping our negotiators as well informed as possible throughout the 2-week event.”
NSA spying on host country
The document also suggests the NSA were spying on Denmark, the host country of the summit: “Another report provided advanced details of the Danish proposal and their efforts to launch a ‘rescue plan’ to save COP-15.”
Legal experts emphasize that espionage against Denmark and the UN is illegal. “Basically, breaking into other people’s computers or networks is of course a criminal offense in Denmark. This applies to casual hackers as well as to a foreign intelligence service such as the NSA”, Jørn Vestergaard, professor of Criminal Law at the University of Copenhagen commented.
NSA spokesperson Vanee Vines states in a written response to questions from Information: “While we are not going to comment publicly on every specific, alleged intelligence activity, the U.S. Government has made clear that the United States gathers foreign intelligence of the type gathered by all nations. And as the administration announced several months ago, the U.S. Government is reviewing how we coordinate with our closest allies and partners.”
Information’s article: http://www.information.dk/journal/486065
The NSA documents: http://www.information.dk/print/486323